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Ecuador Ethnicity & Culture
(page 5 of 9)

The Tsáchilas
The Tsachilas live in the foothills of the western side of the Andes' Western Cordillera in the province of Pichincha.

They are also known as "colorados" because of their custom of painting their hair and body with red achiote. The Colorados gave the name to the main city located in the region where they live, Santo Domingo de los Colorados. This group conserves their traditions although they were displaced by colonists after the road was constructed from the Mountains to the Coast through their territory.

The Awa
The Awa community live in the north of Ecuador and south of Colombia, in Ecuador they live in the provinces of Carchi, Imbabura and Esmeraldas. There are approximately 1,600 Awas and are a group that live constantly threatened by the colonists and lumber companies that covet their forests. They live in the forests to the north and west of the country and combine hunting with blowguns and raising animals like chickens and pigs for their survival.

The Chachi
There are around 4,700 individuals belonging to this group. They mostly live in the province of Esmeraldas. Their language is Chapíalachi that they use to communicate amongst themselves. This community, in spite of conserving their ancient forms of survival, has had to provide their knowledge of the tropical wet forest for the exploitation of wood. The handicrafts and musical instruments that they make has given them a new way to progress in the modern market economy.

The Eperas
A community similar to the Chachis, their neighbors. They are differentiated by the language because they don't speak the language of the Chachis. The Eperas live in the province of Esmeraldas and are characterized by being skilled artisans and fishermen.

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