From the Galapagos, Darwin brought back to England several dozen finch specimens. It was from studying these finches that Darwin would come up with his theory of Evolution and Natural Selection. In 1859 Darwin published The Origin of the Species critical acclaim. Darwin summarized his view of the evolution of life in the last paragraph of his book:
"Thus, from the war of nature, from famine and death, the most exalted object which we are capable of conceiving, namely, the production of higher animals, directly follows. There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved."
Darwin's studies inspired hundreds of scientists from all over the
world. Over time the Galapagos would be inextricably linked to Darwin. In 1959 the Charles
Darwin Foundation was founded with the support
of UNESCO (United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization). The foundation is now dedicated to helping preserve the marine and terrestrial
ecosystems of Galapagos for the benefit of future generations.
This is the largest Island of the Archipelago and it has
six active volcanoes on it. One of them is Wolf, with an altitude
of 1707 meters, the highest peak in Galapagos. Another very well known
volcano but lower is the Ecuador Volcano.
In spite of it being an important tourist attraction, it is not as
well visited as other islands because this island requires more time
than normal to get to see it all. However, this island has several
tourist sites inland as well as on the coast.
Isla San Cristóbal
This is the fifth largest island of the archipelago and one
of the first to form. On this island is the capital of the province,
Puerto Baquerizo Moreno. On the north part of the island is the Junco
volcano, the slopes of which descend towards the south and are covered
with dense vegetation until reaching the port.
Highlands of San Cristobal. During the trajectory you can see how
the vegetation changes according to the increasing altitude; the change
in temperature can be felt, it decreases 1°C for every 200 meters.
Its maximum altitude reaches 721 meters above sea level, the peak
of the San Joaquin Mountain.
San Cristobal is the only island with a freshwater lake, which is
found in the crater of the "El Junco" Volcano, it holds the vital
liquid for the town on the Island and for the majority of tourist
ships in the Galapagos. This water comes form the condensation of
This is the new point of departure for tour cruises. Nearby you can
find the spectacular natural rock formation called Sleeping Lion (León
dormido); the Junco lagoon; the Bay and center of the "Tijeretas"
and the frigate hill. It also has the main air terminal in the Galapagos.
This island was one of the first to form but does not have
sign of any crater but is a small island with a flat surface. The
Gardener Bay is one of the most beautiful beaches on the Archipelago
and this is where the sea turtles tend to go to lay their eggs. Also
living here is a colony of sea lions. Near the island are several
islets that when explored by snorkel, offer a great day, views of
sharks and turtles as well as several fish species.
This is the only place in the world where the albatross reproduce,
these birds have a wing span up to 6 feet. There are also colonies
of blue-footed boobies and masked boobies. On the island you can find
the exclusive lava lizards and marine iguanas with their beautiful
brilliant colors. You can also visit Punta Suarez that offers a spectacular
spray of water when there are strong waves at the place called the