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National Parks and Reserves in Ecuador
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El Ángel Ecological Reserve
The peculiar frailejones forests form part of the plant life of the region and are the indicator species for the ecological condition of the park. The region is mostly paramo and the temperature ranges between 12°C to 0°C. Divided among the zones we can find rivers, streams, wetlands, springs and many lakes. In this reserve it is easy to sea condors, the national bird of Ecuador.

Cotacachi- Cayapas Ecological Reserve
With a surface area of 204,420 hectares, it occupies territory in the provinces of Imbabura and Esmeraldas. The altitudes vary from 300 to 4,939 meters. Here we have the inactive volcano of Yanahurco, the mountain of Cotacachi and the volcano of Cuicocha. Cuicocha, with its two small islands, is one of the most scenic attractions in the region.
The Reserve contains a great diversity of plants and forest types. The fauna of the zone has unfortunately diminished from the encroaching human population. Among the most important and in danger of extinction are the condor, pumas, jaguars and ocelots. The western part of the reserve is highly coveted by the lumber companies that have exploited the forests of the province of Esmeraldas with excessive irresponsibility.

Cayambe -Coca Ecological Reserve
This Ecological Reserve is located in the provinces of Imbabura, Pichincha, Napo and Sucumbios and covers an area of 403,103 hectares. The area of the reserve has important volcanoes like Cayambe, Saraurco, Puntas and Reventador.
The rivers in the region are spring mainly from the glaciers of Cayambe, Antisana and Sarahurco. There are approximately eighty lakes in the zone, the most important are: Papallacta, San Marcos, Puruhanta and Sarahurco.
Altitudes range between 700 to 5,700 meters. The biodiversity of the area is the highest among the protected areas of Ecuador, discovered in the latest scientific studies. Within the reserve are found the indigenous communities of Cofan and Oyacachis.
In the reserve there are 900 species of birds, 110 species of amphibians, 140 species of reptiles and 200 species of mammals. Among the plant species we have orchids, balsamo, caoba, cedar, guayacan, moral, polylepis, arrayan, pumamaqui, aliso, laurel, wild rosemary, and among the medicinal plants are dragons blood, cat's claw, ayahuasca, chuquiragua, urcurosa, cerote, valerian and others.

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